Sustainable Management of Construction and Demolition Materials

Construction and Demolition Demolition Contractors (C&D) materials include the particles generated in the course of the development, maintenance and demolition of homes, roads, and bridges. EPA promotes a Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) approach that identifies certain C&D substances as commodities that may be used in new constructing tasks, as a result keeping off the want to mine and process virgin materials.

On this page:

What Are C&D Materials?
C&D Materials in America
Benefits of Reducing the Disposal of C&D Materials
What You Can Do
Source Reduction/Reducing Materials Use
Salvaging and Reusing C&D Materials
Recycling C&D Materials
Rebuying C&D Materials
What Are C&D Materials?
Construction and demolition (C&D) substances are generated whilst new constructing and civil-engineering systems are constructed and whilst current homes and civil-engineering structures are renovated or demolished (together with deconstruction sports). Civil-engineering structures consist of public works projects, inclusive of streets and highways, bridges, application flowers, piers, and dams.

C&D substances regularly contain bulky, heavy materials consisting of:

Wood (from buildings)
Asphalt (from roads and roofing shingles)
Gypsum (the primary aspect of drywall)
Salvaged constructing components (doorways, home windows, and plumbing furnishings)
Trees, stumps, earth, and rock from clearing web sites
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C&D Materials in America
C&D materials constitute a substantial waste circulate in the United States. These diverse C&D materials may be diverted from disposal and controlled into new productive makes use of.

EPA’s waste characterization record, the Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2017 Fact Sheet, estimates C&D cloth era inside the United States. C&D substances blanketed inside the record are metal, wood products, drywall and plaster, brick and clay tile, asphalt shingles, concrete, and asphalt concrete. These estimates constitute C&D fabric amounts from production, maintenance and demolition activities for homes, roads and bridges, and other systems. The estimates are primarily based on publicly to be had fabric consumption data from authorities and industry agencies.

Additional Studies and Reports
State Specific Information on C&D Materials
Estimating 2003 Building-Related Construction and Demolition Materials Amounts
1998 Characterization of Building-Related Construction and Demolition Debris in the United States
The 2017 Fact Sheet indicates:

569 million tons of C&D debris have been generated inside the United States in 2017, which is extra than two times the quantity of generated municipal strong waste.
Demolition represents more than 90 percent of general C&D particles technology, while creation represents less than 10 percent.
EPA additionally produced estimates for the 2015 mass quantities of C&D particles cloth directed to landfills or meant for subsequent use and could maintain to update those information in its Advancing SMM: Facts and Figures courses. For more data at the 2015 cease-of-life destinations for C&D substances, see Construction and Demolition Debris Management within the United States, 2015.

Prior to adding C&D substances to the Advancing SMM Report, EPA examined the era of C&D substances thru separate research. EPA predicted that 136 million tons of building-associated C&D materials had been generated within the United States in 1996. By 2003, nearly one hundred seventy million heaps of building-related C&D materials were generated. In 2003, nonresidential assets accounted for 61 percent of that quantity. The biggest constructing quarter that generated C&D materials turned into nonresidential demolition followed via the residential protection.

For extra on C&D, visit the web web page on C&D Material-Specific Data.

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Benefits of Reducing the Disposal of C&D Materials
Reducing the amount of C&D materials disposed of in landfills or incinerators can:

Create employment and economic sports in recycling industries and offer expanded enterprise opportunities within the nearby network, mainly while deconstruction and selective demolition techniques are used.
EPA’s 2016 Recycling Economic Information (REI) Report showed that in 2007 the recycling of C&D materials created 230,000 jobs.
Reduce basic building mission fees via prevented purchase/disposal fees, and the donation of recovered substances to certified 501(c)(three) charities, which gives a tax gain. Onsite reuse also reduces transportation fees.
Lead to fewer disposal centers, doubtlessly decreasing the related environmental troubles.
Offset the environmental effect associated with the extraction and intake of virgin resources and manufacturing of latest substances.
Conserve landfill area.
For a country wide financial system-extensive strategic view of the environmental affects of unmarried-circle of relatives home production within the United States, such as environmental blessings associated with salvaging, recycling, and reusing C&D materials, study our life cycle analysis.

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What You Can Do: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Rebuy C&D Materials
You can help divert C&D substances from disposal by way of practising source reduction, salvaging, recycling and reusing current materials, and buying used and recycled substances and products. The following sections provide extra statistics approximately:

How you can practice supply discount by the usage of less substances and generating much less waste out of your venture;
What deconstruction approach and what C&D substances you can salvage for reuse during deconstruction;
How C&D substances can be recycled and the way you could discover a recycler to recycle them for you; and,
The monetary, aesthetic and environmental advantages you may attain with the aid of shopping for used and recycled products.
Source Reduction/Reducing Materials Use
Salvaging and Reusing C&D Materials
Recycling C&D Materials
Rebuying C&D Materials
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