Insomnia is a condition characterized by severe sleep disorders within a human being. It is a chronic condition in which a person faces persistent difficulty falling asleep or has a problem staying asleep for a longer period of time. Insomnia can affect a person of any age and gender but it is generally common in women and aged people.
Types of Insomnia
Insomnia is further classified according to its cause and duration into the following types:
1. Primary Insomnia: This type of insomnia is caused due to stress or anxiety and is not related to any medical condition.
2. Secondary Insomnia: This type of insomnia is caused by some medical condition, such as depression, sleep apnea, etc.
3. Transient Insomnia: It is the type of insomnia in which the symptoms last from a few days to a few weeks.
4. Acute or Short Term Insomnia: In this type of insomnia the symptoms last for several weeks.
5. Chronic Insomnia: Insomnia is referred to as chronic when the symptoms last for several months or may be several years.
Causes of Insomnia
There are several factors contributing to the onset of Insomnia in a person: These factors include:
1. Lifestyle: The lifestyle of a person is a major contributing factor to the condition like Insomnia. People who are addict to smoking, drinking, awaking late in the nights are more prone to Insomnia. Apart from this, people working in the night shifts, people living in high altitudes, and people living in areas with frequent variation in temperature are also prone to Insomnia.
2. Medical Conditions: The people suffering from angina, acid reflux disease (GERD), asthma, arthritis, tumors, chronic fatigue syndrome, and hyperthyroidism are more prone to Insomnia. Apart from these, pregnant women, elderly people, and menopausal women are also more prone to Insomnia.